What is Orthopedic?
Orthopedic Surgery : The word Orthopedics originates from two Greek words- ortho meaning straight and pais meaning child.Orthopedic surgery is that part of science that deals with an operation performed by a specialist (an orthopedist or orthopedic surgeon), trained in diagnosing and treating problems, which develop in the bones, joints, and ligaments in the human body.
This surgery also deals with procedures for the correction of problems affecting the musculoskeletal system as well as the nervous system. After much of advancement in technology, quite a few surgeries in orthopedic section are being done by making use of a robot. It is known as Robotic surgery.
Types of Orthopaedic Surgery
Joint replacement is done for restoring freedom of movement and eliminate the pain because of degenerated and diseased joints. With the help of surgery (along with medication and physical therapy. This surgery might not last long and may need a second chance too. Hip and know replacement are the most common ones. After technological advancements, now-a-days cementless implants are being used for customized fitting to increase longevity.
There are various kinds of joint replacement surgeries:
- Total hip replacement
- Total knee replacement
- Total shoulder replacement
- Total elbow replacement
- Partial Knee Replacement
- Wrist replacement
- Hand joint (small) replacement surgery
- Ankle joint replacement
- Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery [MIKRS]
Arthroscopic (Keyhole) surgery
Arthroscopic surgeries, also known as Keyhole surgeries deals the operations of joints. Recovery in the case of this surgery is much faster in comparison to the traditional open-form surgery. Today there is a lot of advancement within this surgery type and it can be done in a number of body parts like shoulder, knee, wrist, ankle, and so on. The most performed keyhole surgery is of the knee joints. For a normal arthroscopic surgery, one has to stay in the hospital only for a day or 2 but physical exercise after the surgery is extremely important.
Arthroscopic surgery for problems in knee, shoulder, elbow and ankle, deals with the following:
- Trauma and Fracture surgery
- High quality Swiss ‘AO’ systems help stabilize fractures
- Image intensifier, confirms perfect fracture fixations
- Fusion of joints
- Ilizarov and External Fixation Device Management of open fractures
- Infected non-union of long bones
- Limb lengthening
- Correction of deformities
Spinal surgery includes operation of the degenerative, congenital and developmental disorders spine. The complete spine surgery program is a comprehensive interdisciplinary service that requires orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, neurologists, physical and rehabilitation medicine and anesthesia. After technological advancements, along with traditional disc surgeries of back and neck, microscopic surgeries, spinal tumors, endoscopic spinal surgery and minimal surgeries are also being performed.
Spine surgery includes a number of things:
- Disc surgery Microsurgery for disc Fixation systems for fractures
- Surgery for correction of spinal deformities
- Surgery for spinal tuberculosis
- Endoscopic spine surgery
Arthritis, primarily is used in describing any kind of wearing of cartilage with a number of symptoms like aches, pains and stiffness in joints. Rheumatism is also used for pain in muscles and joints. There are some other terms also used amongst the doctors:
- Osteoarthritis Rheumatoid arthritis
- Infective arthritis
- Traumatic arthritis
Pediatric orthopedics deals in the treatment of every musculoskeletal problems in children, which is inclusive of pediatric trauma, metabolic diseases, congenital malformations, and genetic abnormalities such as club foot, congenital dislocations, pseudarthrosis, birth injuries and other congenital deformities). Following are the included corrections:
- Congenital limb and spinal deformity corrections
- Bone and joint infection management
- Juvenile arthritis management
Ortho-Oncology / Bone Oncology Surgery
It rarely happens that cancer develops in bone but when it happens, its only treatment is by the way of surgery. This surgery mainly deals with the removal of the cancer and a small amount of healthy bone that surrounds it. Surgery needs to be combined with radiation therapy.
Reconstructive and Salvage Corrective
Reconstructive and Salvage surgeries performed for bone infections, implants and prosthesis infections, complicated malunited fractures, congenital deformities and polio.